In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) is one of the assisted reproductive technology (ART) procedures that helps in tackling infertility problems and assists in achieving pregnancy. The ART procedures uses the latest non-invasive and invasive techniques to perform intricate fertilization procedures. ‘In-vitro’ directly translates to ‘outside or externally,’ implying the process of fertilization is carried out in a laboratory instead of the uterus.
IVF does not alter the natural process of conception and childbirth; it is only meant to ensure the sperms from the male partner successfully fertilize the ovum (eggs). Also, IVF can be modified with different sub-specialty procedures such as Intrauterine Insemination (IUI) and Intra Cytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI) for tackling unique infertility problems.
If you and your partner have been trying to conceive for more than a year without any signs of success, you must consider consulting the best IVF doctor in Dubai to discuss the efficacy of IVF in overcoming your conception problems.
When Is IVF Treatment Suggested?
Our IVF doctor in Dubai mostly suggests this treatment to couples suffering from unique infertility complications, including:
Fallopian Tube Blockage:
The uterine duct or the fallopian tubes allow the sperm to travel and fertilize the egg in the Fallopian tube, but a blockage creates problems in fertilization by preventing the sperm from meeting the egg.
It is a condition in which the uterine tissues lining its walls grow out of the uterus, hindering the embryo implantation process. It can cause adhesions that can compromise the normal pregnancy physiology and creating an inflammatory environment hostile to early implantation.
The fibroids are benign tumors on the uterus walls, prevalent among women of 35-40 years of age. These tumors interfere in the implantation of embryos or the fertilization process.
Ovulation disorder refers to an irregular release of eggs as per the menstrual cycle. In most cases, because the ovulation period is delayed the menstrual cycle length becomes abnormal. This is typically seen in women with PCOS or with diminished ovarian reserve.
Impaired Sperm Function:
If the sperm count is low, has lower motility, or poor quality, and abnormal morphology, it fails to fertilize the egg. These problems are often termed male infertility factors and can affect younger and older males due to various reasons.
If either partner has a genetic disorder history of infertility disorders, they are more likely to face similar or new infertility problems during their lifetime
How Is The IVF Treatment Performed?
The IVF cycle is carried out in a series of procedures that are planned individually. The entire treatment is executed in the following steps:
In a normal menstrual cycle, only one egg is produced for ovulation. This period of ovulation in the female partner is tracked, and she is given certain medications to increase this egg production and regular follicular scans are done. The doctor keeps a constant watch on the blood tests and few other diagnostics to monitor egg production.
● Egg Retrieval
The second step is egg harvesting under ultrasound guidance where all the follicles are aspirated to see if there are eggs to carry out the process of fertilization.
The semen sample is obtained from the male partner and embryologist isolates healthy sperms under a microscope. The healthy sperms are now spread over the healthy eggs in a lab dish and kept in an incubator.
● Embryo Culture
The embryologist and doctor monitors the lab dish to track the development of fertilized embryos. The goal is to generate multiple embryos so that the healthiest one can be utilized later. The embryos are passed through multiple screening tests to ensure their genetic safety and general health.
● Embryo Transfer
After screening and choosing a healthy embryo, it is implanted in the uterus for conception. The step is constantly monitored until pregnancy is confirmed. The results may take at least two weeks to show on a UPT or confirmed after 10-12 days after transfer through blood tests.
The full cycle of IVF takes 1 month to complete. Sometimes, additional procedures or delay is required, further increasing the cycle period. This is IVF cycle done in two steps, first being egg harvesting and embryo culture followed by embryo cryopreservation and in the subsequent cycle, frozen embryo transfer is done. Though the process is long, it offers a high conception rate in most infertility cases and is also known to tackle unknown infertility factors in men and women. Dr. Partha Das, one of the best IVF doctors in Dubai, can further guide you in understanding how IVF and its sub-specialty treatments can help you overcome your infertility issues and achieve parenthood.