Endometriosis is a common, chronic disorder where tissue that normally lines the uterus grows outside of the uterus and on other organs. It is mainly caused due to retrograde menstrual flow and genetic factors. Endometriosis can make it difficult to conceive, and up to 30% to 50% of women with endometriosis may experience infertility. This article discusses the symptoms, complications, and treatment of Endometriosis, as explained by Dr. Partha Das.
What are the symptoms of Endometriosis?
- Severe menstrual cramps
- Excessive bleeding during periods
- Pain with bowel movements or urination
- Constipation and fatigue
- Pain with intercourse
- Nausea and vomiting
How does Endometriosis affect fertility?
Endometriosis can affect fertility in the following ways:
- It affects quality of gametes and embryos
- It leads to distorted anatomy of the pelvis
- It causes inflammation of the pelvic structures
- It alters the functioning of the immune system
- It affects the hormonal environment of the eggs
- It affects ovarian reserve
Intrauterine Insemination, abbreviated as IUI, is a fertility treatment where sperm is inserted directly into a woman’s uterus. It is a non-invasive procedure that enhances the chances of natural pregnancy. It is one of the most preferred techniques used by Infertility doctors in Dubai for patients in the early stages of Endometriosis provided the Fallopian tubes are open and don’t show any evidence of hydrosalpinx which means fluid accumulation in the tubes.
In Vitro Fertilization (IVF / ICSI)
In Vitro Fertilization is a procedure in which the doctor extracts eggs from the ovaries and fertilizes them with healthy sperms in the laboratory. The embryo is cultured till day 5 blastocyst stage and replaced back into the uterus. The embryos can also be cryopreserved and replaced at a later date after managing endometriosis either medically or surgically. IVF is a very safe treatment, and it can help women achieve pregnancy who are diagnosed with Endometriosis.
For Endometriosis treatment hormone therapy is another treatment option. Though it is not typically used as a first-line treatment, combining it with other treatments can successfully manage Endometriosis.
Laparoscopy is the most prevalent surgery used to diagnose and remove Endometriosis. It is recommended when the patient suffers severe endometriosis pain or has huge endometriotic cysts. Laparoscopic endometriosis removal, as well as downregulation, can also be done prior to frozen embryo transfer.
Dr. Partha Das believes in offering a comprehensive lifestyle modification plan while offering infertility treatment in Dubai at his clinic. His state-of-the-art medical facilities are coupled with a highly specialized team who have helped many women with Endometriosis. So if you are looking for the best fertility doctor in Dubai, contact us today.